The Rolleicord was the less expensive version of the more famous Rolleiflex. The Rolleiflex was a very important press photo camera, the Rolleicord aimed more at the amateur photographer. It had a long lifetime, from 1933 to 1976, and the model was refined along the way. While the Rolleiflex had a 2.8 aperture, the Rolleiflex never was faster than 3.5.
It was made in Germany, which was the leading producer of quality cameras for many years.